Hops is a perennial herb producing a flower known as a cone that provides that aromatic yum or a bittering bite to beer by harvesting cones for their lupulin within.
Cascade Hops aroma and flavor is best summed up as American Pale Ale. This particular hops variety first emerged in the early 1970s and its versatility has won over many in the brewing industry, making it one of the most popular varieties, found in a large number of commercial U.S. beers.
Cascade hops contain moderate alpha acid content ranging from 4.5% to 7%. Its real strength in brewing, however, is in its aroma which bears a verdant, botanic bouquet along with a little spice and grapefruit-like citrus notes.
Cascade is fairly resistance to disease and fungus, but it does not store particularly well.
ALPHA 4.5% to 7%
OILS 1.5-2.5 mL/100g
AROMA AROMATIC PINE, CITRUS (GRAPEFRUIT), FLORAL NOTES, SPICE.
When it comes to bittering, hops that pack an alpha acid wallop with a restrained cohumulone level tend to be preferable, as they allow the brewer to achieve a smooth bitterness with less hop material. This is precisely the promise of Tahoma, a hop variety released by the USDA and Washington State University in 2013. As a sister of Glacier, Tahoma is said to share some of its citrus characteristics, swaying toward the more lemony, along with spicy and woody notes.
OILS 1.0-2.0 mL/100g
AROMA CITRUS (LEMON, SLIGHT GRAPEFRUIT), CEDAR WOOD, PINE, SPICY
Released in 1985, Chinook has recently grown in popularity, particularly among craft breweries. Suitable for any stage of the boil, they’re not only a natural for American-style Pale Ales and IPAs, but their versatility also means they find their way into seasonal ales, barley wine and some porters and stouts. The variety is a cross between Petham Golding and a USDA male and features a pine-like, spicy bouquet with robust flavors of grapefruit.
OILS 1.5-2.7 mL/100g
AROMA BOUQUET OF PINE AND SPICE.
Triple Pearl was born from a pairing of the classic Perle female with an unknown male. As a result it delivers a very pronounced and distinct aroma with unique combinations of classic orange peel, lime zest, honeydew and peppery spice. Expect Triple Pearl to be very bitter-forward with a slight astringency but a pleasant mouth-feel.
It packs a big alpha acid punch with a bit of lingering astringency felt on the sides of the tongue and late palate.
Early additions provide a very clean bitterness without the typical vegetal taste due to low sesquiterpene content. Late additions add some bitterness due to the high alpha content but also can impart a pronounced peppery spice.
Best suited for hoppy but sessionable brews like a nuanced pale ale.
OILS 1.1-1.8 mL/100g
AROMA ORANGE-CITRUS, ORANGE RIND/ZEST, MELON, RESIN, SPICY, SLIGHT PEPPER
Galena was bred in 1968 from an open pollination of an unknown male with Brewers Gold. Released in 1978, it continues to enjoy success as a multipurpose high-alpha variety.
Given its high alpha and crop yield, Galena is most often found as a classic bittering hop, in much the same vein as Nugget and its descendants. As a finishing hop, it is sought after for its clean, citrus character. Mild to moderate, with a surprisingly pleasant tropical citrus quality. Later additions may add black currant notes. It can have a slightly “rustic” edge which belies its Brewers Gold ancestry.
OILS 0.9-1.3 mL/100g
AROMA CITRUS, LIME, GOOSEBERRY, BRANDY, PEAR, PINEAPPLE, SPICY
A product of Brewers Gold and a high alpha acid male, Nugget is a classic bittering hop that holds a place in the heart of many brewers. Nugget is lauded for its high alpha acids and low cohumulone content, as well as its ability to retain bittering potential over long storage periods. Used at the beginning of the boil, it is known to impart a strong bitterness with later boil additions contributing herbal and woody characteristics.
OILS 1.5-3 mL/100g
AROMA LIME, GINGER, PINEAPPLE, GERANIUM, LYCHEE
MultiHead is a neomexicanus breed native to New Mexico and is so named because of its tendency to produce dual cones. It is a unique hop in the industry and in brewing features a heady, floral aroma and some citrus elements.
OILS 0.5-1.5 mL/100g
Centennial owes its existence to a mix of Brewer’s Gold, Fuggle, East Kent Golding and Bavarian hops. Developed in 1974 and released in 1990, it is at times referred to as Super Cascade because of its bold citric characteristic. Centennial is a much-celebrated hop in its versatility with its depth of bitterness and forward aroma — two characteristics that balance each other beautifully.
It is well suited to Pale Ales and IPAs with its high alpha content and is floral in both flavor and aroma. Centennial has had its ups and downs in the commercial brewing industry but is currently experiencing a return to popularity, particularly among leading craft breweries.
OILS 1.5-2.5 mL/100g
AROMA EARTHY, FLORAL, CITRUS
Cluster (US) is thought to be one of the oldest and most robust hop crops in the US. With its balanced aroma and bittering profile and outstanding storage stability, it has long been a go-to hop for large commercial breweries in the US.
So prolific was Cluster’s use in fact that at the beginning of the 20th century Cluster accounted for 96% of the total acreage of hops grown in the United States. Cluster remained at the top right through until the 1970’s. It was the start point for several of the new varietals of modern hops.
The exact lineage of Cluster is unknown and is considered to have a clean, neutral and slightly floral flavor.
OILS 0.4-0.8 mL/100g
AROMA CLEAN, NEUTRAL, SLIGHTLY FLORAL